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Guida ai mecinali in cinese/ Medicines glossary in Chinese

February 22, 2017

 Quando si viaggia o si vive all’estero il nostro corpo puo’ trovarsi in situazioni di stress e di sconforto. Un raffreddore, mal di testa, mal di pancia e addirittura problemi di insonnia che possono essere causati da una diversa alimentazione, dalle temperature e da un concetto di sanita’ diverso dal paese da cui si proviene, cio’ puo’ rendere il soggiorno e la vita nel nuovo ambiente per nulla piacevoli.

Vi elenchiamo una serie di medicinali occidentali, tradotti in cinese, che posso aiutarvi nell’automedicamento, quando proprio non si riesce o non si vuole usufruire della sanita’ locale , nel nostro caso, eo della medicina tradizionale cinese.Vi ricordiamo che tutti i medicinali hanno effetti collaterali e controindicazioni, quindi, anche se si conosce il farmaco, prestare attenzione e leggere sempre le avvertenze prima dell’assunzione.

 

Dolore e Febbre

疼痛 发烧 téng tòng fā shāo

 

Acetaminaphen

对乙酰氨基酚 duìyǐxiānānjīfēn (ex. Tylenol, Panadol).

Antifiammatori senza steroidi

非类固醇性消炎药 fēi lèi gù chún xìng xiāo yán yàoIbuprofen

布洛芬bù luò fēn (ex. Motrin, Advil)Naproxen

萘普生nài pǔ shēng (ex. Aleve)

Aspirina阿司匹林ā sī pǐ lín (ex. Bayer, St. Joseph's)

 

Tosse

咳嗽ké sòu

 

Dextromethorphan美沙芬měi shā fēn (ex. Theraflu, Vicks)

Guaifenesin愈创甘油醚yù chuàng gān yóu mí (ex. Robitussin, Mucinex)

Caramelle per la gola e tosse 咳嗽糖 ké sòu tang (ex. Halls, Ricola, Golden Throat 金嗓子 jīn sǎng zǐ)

 

 

Altri termini utili:

Benzocaine苯佐卡因běn zuǒ kǎ yīn

Menthol 薄荷醇 bò hé chún

 

Testa e congestione sinusidale

耳鼻喉炎ěr bí hóu yán

Decongestionante 减充血剂jiǎn chōng xuè jì

Pseudoefedrina 假麻黄碱 jiǎ má huáng jiǎn (ex. Sudafed)

Oxymetazoline 羟甲唑啉 qiǎng jiǎ zuò lín (ex.Sinex, Telnase)

 

Mal di gola, mal di testa, mal di orecchio e dolori in genere (infezioni)

喉咙痛、头痛, 耳痛、浑身疼(感染)hóu lóng tòng, tóu tòng, ěr tòng, hún shēn téng (gǎn rǎn)

Acetaminafen对乙酰氨基酚duìyǐxiānānjīfēn (ex. Sore throat lozenges, Cepacol, Strepsils)

Antibiotici generici

 

抗生素kàng shēng sù

Penicillina青霉素qīng méi sù

Amoxicillina 阿莫西林ā mò xī lín

 

 

 

Raffreddore e Starnuti, naso colante, occhi lacrimanti

打喷嚏,流鼻涕,眼睛流泪dǎ pēn tì, liú bí tì,yǎn jīng liú lèi

 

Antistaminici 抗组胺药 kàng zǔ àn yào (ex. Claritin, Zyrtec, Allegra)

 

Stomaco in disordine

胃不舒服 wèi bú shū fú

Bismuth subsalicylate 碱式水杨酸铋 jiǎn shì shuǐ yáng suān bì (ex.Pepto-Bismol, Kaopectate)

Bicarbonato in compresse 碳酸氢钠片tàn suān qīng nà piàn(ex. Alka Seltzer)

Simethicone西甲硅油xī jiǎ guī yóu (ex. Gas-X)

 

Antiacido

 

解酸药jiě suān yào (ex.Rolaids, Tums)

Dimenhydrinate 茶苯海明chá běn hǎi míng (ex. Dramamine)

 

 

 

 

 

Costipazione

便秘 biàn mì

Senna glycoside 番泻叶 fān xiè yè (ex. Ex-Lax)

 

Altri termini utili

Glicerina甘油 gān yóu

Bisacodyl 比沙可啶 bǐ shā kě dìng

Diarrea腹泻(拉肚子)fù xiè (lā dù zǐ )

Attapulgite凹凸棒石āo tū bàng shí (ex. Diocalm, Diatrol)

Loperamide洛哌丁胺luò pài dīng àn (ex. Imodium A-D)

Bismuth subsalicylate 碱式水杨酸铋jiǎn shì shuǐ yáng suān bì (ex.Pepto-Bismol, Kaopectate)

Disturbi del sonno 睡眠问题 shuì mián wèn tí

Antistaminico抗组胺药kàng zǔ àn yào

Diphenhydramine苯海拉明běn hǎi lā míng (ex. Benadryl,Tylenol PM)

Melatonin 褪黑素 tuì hēi sù

Allergia della pelle e prurito皮肤过敏和瘙痒pí fū guò mǐn,sào yǎng

Antistaminico抗组胺药 kàng zǔ àn yào

Difenidramina苯海拉明běn hǎi lā míng

Allergie Nasali鼻过敏bí guò mǐn

Cromolyn sodium色甘酸钠sè gān suān nà (ex. Nasalcrom)

 

 

Medicines glossary in Chinese

 

 So you got sick in China but you're not ready to try Traditional Chinese Medicine yet? That's OK! Here's a useful list for when you head to the pharmacy for Western medicines.Share this post and save the images for later to send your friends in time of need~Note: we are not doctors! Just cross-cultural helpers trying to help you adapt to life in China - Although we consulted medical professionals and pharmacists for this post, please please please go to the hospital and find a qualified doctor before taking any medication you're uncertain of... And another note: All of these medications have side effects, and some more than others. Read the labels in regard to the recommended dosing of each medication to prevent serious problems and don't forget to ask the pharmacists for clear instructions. If you can't do that, definitely get a knowledgeable bilingual friend to help... and don't mix any of these with alcohol if you care about your liver

 

Pain & Fever

疼痛 发烧 téng tòng fā shāo

 

 Acetaminaphen[əˌsiːtəˈmɪnəfən]对乙酰氨基酚 duìyǐxiānānjīfēn(ex. Tylenol, Panadol)

Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs):非类固醇性消炎药fēi lèi gù chún xìng xiāo yán yào

Ibuprofen[.aɪbju'proʊfən]布洛芬bù luò fēn(ex. Motrin, Advil) Naproxen[nə'prɒksən]萘普生nài pǔ shēng(ex. Aleve)

Aspirin['æsprɪn]阿司匹林ā sī pǐ lín(ex. Bayer, St. Joseph's)

 

Cough

咳嗽ké sòu

Dextromethorphan[dɛkstroʊmi'θɔrfn]美沙芬měi shā fēn(ex. Theraflu, Vicks)

Guaifenesin[ɡjʊrɪf'nezɪn]愈创甘油醚yù chuàng gān yóu mí(ex. Robitussin, Mucinex)

Throat Lozenges[θroʊt'lɑzəndʒ]咳嗽糖ké sòu táng(ex. Halls, Ricola, Golden Throat 金嗓子 jīn sǎng zǐ)

 

Other useful terms:

Benzocaine[benzəʊ'keɪn]苯佐卡因běn zuǒ kǎ yīn

Menthol[ˈmenθɔ:l]薄荷醇bò hé chún

 

Head &Sinus Congestion

耳鼻喉炎ěr bí hóu yán

 

Decongestants:[.dikən'dʒestənt]减充血剂jiǎn chōng xuè jì Pseudoephedrine[sjuːdoʊ.ᵻˈfɛdrɪn]假麻黄碱jiǎ má huáng jiǎn(ex. Sudafed)

Oxymetazoline[ɒksɪmɛtəzə'lin]羟甲唑啉qiǎng jiǎ zuò lín(ex.Sinex, Telnase)

 

Sore Throat,Headache,Earache &Body Aches(Infections)

喉咙痛、头痛耳痛、浑身疼(感染)

hóu lóng tòng, tóu tòng,ěr tòng, hún shēn téng(gǎn rǎn)

 

Acetaminaphen[əˌsiːtəˈmɪnəfən]对乙酰氨基酚duìyǐxiānānjīfēn(ex. Sore throat lozenges, Cepacol, Strepsils)(see above)

General Antibiotics[.æntaɪbaɪ'ɑtɪk]抗生素kàng shēng sù Penicillin[.penə'sɪlɪn]青霉素qīng méi sù Amoxicillin[əˌmɔːksiˈsiːlən]阿莫西林ā mò xī lín

 

Sneezing,Runny Nose, Watery Eyes

打喷嚏,流鼻涕,眼睛流泪

dǎ pēn tì, liú bí tì,yǎn jīng liú lèi

Antihistamine[.æntɪ'hɪstə.min]抗组胺药kàng zǔ àn yào(ex. Claritin, Zyrtec, Allegra)

Upset Stomach

胃不舒服

wèi bú shū fú

Bismuth subsalicylate['bɪzməθsʌb'sæləsɪˌleɪt]碱式水杨酸铋jiǎn shì shuǐ yáng suān bì(ex.Pepto-Bismol, Kaopectate)

Bicarbonate Tablets[ˌbaɪ'kɑ:bənət]碳酸氢钠片tàn suān qīng nà piàn(ex. Alka Seltzer)

Simethicone['saɪmθɪkəʊn]西甲硅油xī jiǎ guī yóu(ex. Gas-X) Antacids[ænt'æsɪd]解酸药jiě suān yào(ex.Rolaids, Tums) Dimenhydrinate [ˌdaɪmen'haɪdrəˌneɪt]茶苯海明chá běn hǎi míng(ex. Dramamine)

Constipation

便秘biàn mì

Senna glycoside['senə'glaɪkəˌsaɪd]番泻叶fān xiè yè(ex. Ex-Lax)

 

Other useful terms:

 

Glycerin['ɡlɪsərɪn]甘油gān yóu

Bisacodyl['bɪzəkədɪl]比沙可啶bǐ shā kě dìng

Diarrhea腹泻(拉肚子)fù xiè (lā dù zǐ )

Attapulgite[ətæ'pʌldʒɪt]凹凸棒石āo tū bàng shí(ex. Diocalm, Diatrol) Loperamide['ləʊpərəmɪd]洛哌丁胺luò pài dīng àn(ex. Imodium A-D) Bismuth subsalicylate['bɪzməθsʌb'sæləsɪˌleɪt]碱式水杨酸铋jiǎn shì shuǐ yáng suān bì(ex.Pepto-Bismol, Kaopectate)(see above)

Sleep Issues睡眠问题shuì mián wèn tí

Antihistamine[.æntɪ'hɪstə.min]抗组胺药kàng zǔ àn yào(see above) Diphenhydramine[dɪfen'hɪdrʌmən]苯海拉明běn hǎi lā míng(ex. Benadryl,Tylenol PM)

Melatonin[.melə'toʊnɪn]褪黑素tuì hēi sùSkin

Allergy& Itching皮肤过敏和瘙痒pí fū guò mǐnsào yǎng Antihistamine[.æntɪ'hɪstə.min]抗组胺药kàng zǔ àn yào(see above)

Diphenhydramine[dɪfen'hɪdrʌmən]苯海拉明běn hǎi lā míng(see above) Nasal Allergy鼻过敏bí guò mǐn

Cromolyn sodium[k'rɒməʊlɪn'soʊdiəm]色甘酸钠sè gān suān nà(ex. Nasalcrom)

 

Source:http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/heHD_DECudlpFPM9iBmPygpi

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